About 5% of Type 2 diabetic patients in Scotland have achieved remission of the disease, a new study has found. Many of them achieved it even without bariatric surgery and outside of research trials.

By 2019, about 463 million people worldwide had been diagnosed with diabetes, 90 to 95% of whom had type 2 diabetes, the researchers of a new study, published Tuesday in PLOS Medicine, noted. In the U.S., for instance, there are about 34 million Americans who have the disease. It is estimated that the number of people with diabetes worldwide will have risen to 700 million people by 2045.

But it is possible for people with type 2 diabetes to go into remission. When this happens, it means that the patient’s blood sugar levels are below the diabetes range even without the need for diabetes medication.

In some cases, patients can achieve remission after bariatric surgery or being a part of a research trial on very low calorie diets, the Public Library of Science (PLOS) noted in a news release. However, just how many people in the general public with type 2 diabetes achieve remission remains limited, the researchers noted.

For their study, the researchers conducted a cross-sectional study among adults in Scotland with type 2 diabetes. They looked at 162,316 patients over 30 years old and found that 4.8%, or 7,710 of them, were in remission. That’s about one in 20 of the study population.